Agriculture Applications, Soils, and Marine

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Soil is a complex mixture of living organisms and organic matter, along with soil minerals. The soil helps to keep life going and influences the functions of the ecosystem. This function is defined as the ability of the soil to provide nutrients, water and the production of plant biomass for human use.for farmers, agricultural output is economic income and is a prerequisite for achieving agricultural sustainability. Therefore, working on the development of the agricultural sector by relying on modern technologies such as precision agriculture is an essential goal. The success of precision agriculture (PA) depends heavily on efficient and accurate methods of Agricultural Land Management . The current study is based on the development of a model for decision makers for agricultural operations to manage the potato crop in the Salhiya area using field data, laboratory analysis and field sensor measurements. The precision agriculture decision support system (the application is named after EGYPADS) is designed and implemented to deal with the monitoring of conditions affecting the crop with high temporal and spatial accuracy, and to assist in agricultural decision-making. The EGYPADS program is basically a web application integrated with the Internet of things technology, it takes into account the internet user browsing the application website on the internet, and takes into account the devices in the field of tests that sense the conditions affecting the crop and need to send the sensed data remotely and continuously to be stored and analyzed. The backend of the system performs unconventional work that controls and regulates the work of other system components: data storage and retrieval, web hosting, sending, receiving and transmitting IoT data and commands . The front interface of the system, which the user views and interacts with, is developed to be efficient and easy to use, the connection of the application to the field part is also simulated through a real IoT connection and the functionality of the devices is simulated by the software developed in the current work. EGYPADS services include: spatial analysis using absolute and relative coordinates, real-time monitoring of the state of field data and devices, field data storage and data analysis visualizations, timely formulation of management.. The results showed that the characteristics of the soil in the study area varied from place to place, and this was evident through maps of different soil characteristics as well as crop characteristics . This difference was reflected in the crop quantities in the study area, which ranged from 3.5 to 9.6 kg / square meter . The results indicate that about 60% of the total study area was given a ranged crop production . Between 6 and 9.6 kg / square meter . Using the proposed model to support decision making, the study area is divided into four management areas From scale 1-4, the study area was divided into the following: 16.69%, 45.38%, 33.31% and 4.59% of the total total area for each range. The first range has been characterized by the improvement of the natural and chemical properties of the soil, while the rest of the ranges need to improve productivity and improve production factors according to the characteristics of each range through the organization of irrigation in some of them, and others need to adjust the rate of fertilization in a balanced way between the major elements of plant nutrients .

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