WATER use efficiency in natural vegetation and agricultural areas byremote sensing in the Mediterranean basin

December 31, 2002

During the last few years, the northeastern coastal plain of Sinai Peninsula between El-Arish and Rafah has witnessed a rapid increase of population and extensive urban, industrial and agricultural activities. These developments have imposed a great impact on the natural resources of area, especially ground-water The objective of this study is to investigate the spatial and temporal variations of salt-water intrusion into the Quaternary aquifer system along El-Arish-Rafah stretch during the 1988-1993 period using the available hydrogeologic data along with the 1993 version of the U.S.Geological population and extensive urban, industrial and Survey's program MOCDENSE" by Sanford and Konikow (1985). Calibrated and verified models were used for predicting the position of salt water- fresh water interface during the next 15 and 25 years. To achieve the objective of the study; previous meteorologic, geologic and hydrogeologic data were collected. Field measurements of ground-water levels change in electrical conductivity (EC) with depth, and chemical analysis of 414 water samples were conducted in September 1991, March and September 1992, and March 1993. These measurements were used for construction of three hydrogeologic cross sections at El-Arish, El-Sheikh Zuwayid, and Rafah areas; and preparation of maps for water-table elevations, saturated thickness of aquifer, transmissivity, and iso-salinity. Digitized maps, field measurements of water levels, chemical analysis of water samples, calculated hydrogeologic parameters, and literature-searched data were gathered into data files which are required to run the "MOCDE

NARSS Project Members

  • Mahmoud H. Ahmed
  • Hossam Hamdy Elewa Omar
  • Alaa El Nahry
  • Salwa Farouk Elbeih
  • Belal El-Leithy
  • Dr. Medhat Abdel Salam El-Beheiry ( NWRC)

Funding Agencies

  • European Union

Partner Agencies

  • University of Valencia, Spain
  • University of Marrakech. Morocco
Division : Agriculture Applications, Soils, and Marine

Co-Prof : Prof.El-Sayed Abbas Zaghloul