Coastal areas include human populations of different origins with inter-cultural and social interlink ages. The natural resources of these areas are very important for food security, and they are characterized by unique and natural features. In the last few years, coastal areas in Egypt witnessed a comprehensive development revolution, which cost billions of pounds, including the construction of tourist villages, hotels, ports, resorts, diving clubs, water sports, coastal roads, fisheries, petrochemicals, fertilizers, and others. The coastal zone is suffering from problems and difficulties that must be known, treated and well informed of its current and future situation and their impact on the marine environment. Coastal areas, in general, are sensitive to environmental factors and are characterized by continuous dynamic activity due to natural factors and human activity. This continuous activity carries a number of environmental problems that directly and indirectly affect development plans.
This study aims to integrate remote sensing and geophysical methods in the investigation of the environmental and natural hazards in the study area to find out the causes of landslides and cracks in some constructions through studying the historical evolution of the area by satellite images and the hydrological impact by Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and topographic maps. In addition, prepare a digital database containing all the information that supports the decision-making process to serve the tourism projects and to take the necessary schemes to face the potential risks of all kinds on the future. The data obtained will be used to determine the natural and/or synthetic development, specify the main water resource that is considered one of the fundamental problems, determine the soil parameters, and determine subsurface layers and its properties. Using multidisciplinary geophysical methods in such areas with a complex properties, geological structure, and critical conditions is recommended. The integration between traditional geotechnical methods such as boreholes and geophysical methods (Electrical resistivity imaging, Ground-penetrating radar (GPR), and shallow seismic refraction) allowing for a semi-continuous record of the underground layers properties that make it easier for full understanding and recognition of the subsurface conditions .Division : Agriculture Applications, Soils, and Marine