Preliminary Assessment of the Impacts Of The Drifting Sands on the Development Activities in North-Western Sinai - Egypt.
This report documents the findings of a preliminary reconnaissance survey of sand encroachment on the various development activities in the NW Sinai region, namely; The North Sinai Agricultural Development Project ( The Sinai part of El-Salam Canal project) and the El-Arish highway. The report comprises three main parts.
This study is based mainly on the interpretation of LANDSAT-i satellite images for an area covering about 85,000 km2 including the west of the Nile Delta and the adjacent north Western Desert of Egypt. From this study; new geological, structural lineation and drainage maps have been constructed on scales of 1 : 500,000 and 1:1,000,000. Furthermore, the groundwater hydro geological characteristics and potentials of the same area have been compiled and evaluated in the light of the new investigation to help proposed reclamation projects to be carried out there.
Sand dunes are common landforms which occupies 16% of Egypt landscapes. These sand dunes are actively migrating representing a major threat on the human activities. Detecting the magnitude of sand dune migration as well as the direction could help reduce their threats.
Using SAR and ALOS Satellite data for the exploration of archaeological remains and sites around Dahshur area.
NARSS has been selected by the EC as a partner with other North African countries for building up a system for Alexandria lake Mariout Integrated Management” (ALAMIM). European Union Project 2006-2008 EUROPEAID, SMAPIII. The Monitoring and Modeling coastal lagoon for management of aquatic resources using satellite data. This project concerns the development of Lake Mariout ecosystem (by field survey, long-term monitoring through field instrumentation and remote sensing). Using hydraulic/ecological modeling aims to help tackle current deficiencies in delta lagoons management.
Development of Remote Sensing Techniques for Environmental Assessment of Coral Reefs and Mangroves in some Areas along Hurghada region, Red Sea, Egypt.
The general objective of this project is to develop a comprehensive method for the study of the water use and the resistance to the drought of the natural and irrigated vegetation in north eastern coastal zone of Egypt, by means of a combined historical and current space-based remote sensing database, vegetation models and field measurements.
The main goal of this project can be summarized in updating the shoreline changes and seabed information of El-Dabaa coastal area, through qualitative detection of the erosion / accretion patterns along El-Dabaa coast based on remote sensing data, using LANDSAT Thematic Mapper "TM" (1984, 2000 and 2001), analyze shoreline variations between 1984 and 2001 from satellite LANDSAT Thematic Mapper "TM", in addition to identifying the bottom texture of the investigated area and the distribution of sedimentation patterns.
The use of remote sensing techniques and geographic information system in the delination and monitoring of fish production in Egypt.
The work of the project has been undertaken by keeping in mind two aspects: i) a study involving the production of geological maps to a scale 1: 250 000 for the Phanerozoic exposures of Sinai (carried in two Phases: South and North Sinai) and, ii) the training of a team of geologist to produce these maps according to most up to date geological practices.
Use of Remote sensing for the study of the Hazards oF Ghard Abu Muharik sand dune field, Western Desert, Egypt
Ghard Abu Muharik dune field lies in the central part of the Western Desert of Egypt. It extends from the NE of the Baharia depression and runs in a southeastern direction to the depression of Kharga and further southward up to the Egypt-Sudan borders.
Preparation of a GIS ready digital atlas of the important sites for ecotourism in the western desert – Egypt Description
The work deals with the registration of the natural caves location recorded in the Western Desert of Egypt in addition to some other significant geomorphic features, such as water springs, natural lakes and the White Desert and sites as Wadi El Hitan (the valley of Whales) in the Fayoum region, which displays striking geomorphologic features and the various oases which are associated with environments, displaying remarkable landscapes of high esthetic value. This work will produce a GIS ready database for caves with stalactites and stalagmites in Western Desert in addition to information on lakes and peculiar physical geologic features pertaining to the development of landscapes with high esthetic value providing a solid basis for planning and promoting ecotourism and desert safaris. This project will also consider the enhancement of the capacity of the scientific research staff of the Geological Applications Division of NARSS by introducing training courses in various aspects of IT Applications which could help in refining the produced databases to enable more efficient manipulation of data
Assessment and Mapping of Desertification Sensitivity in Egypt, Using Remote Sensing and GIS modeling
Project Description: Desertification is one of the main problems that threaten many of the arid and semi-arid areas, including Egypt. It is generally induced either by human activities or natural processes, however in many areas it is driven by the interaction of both. The North coastal zone of Egypt represents an adapted productive area sustaining life. It includes the coastal area stretching east ward from North-Western coast to North coastal area of Sinai. It represents a promising region that is characterized by its rain-fed and irrigated agricultural and grazing potentiality. The fragility of coastal region is caused by the existence sand dune and Aeolian deposits encroachment and salinization risk around the sabkha and depression areas. Water logging and sea water intrusion are also serious problems along the cost. Although some descriptive studies have been conducted, the spatial characteristics such as spatial distributions, spatial extents, spatial patterns, and spatial relationships of various desertification elements have not been coined
This project main objectives is to develop system for calculating Agricultural area in Egypt Two stages in developing the software have been done The expected results are to design and manupolate the system that is concern agricultural area calculation
Master planning for the determination of the most suitable path of the proposed road from the selected path of the Regional Ring Road to ElZagazig – El-Sinbelawain road, Eastern Nile Delta. Commissioned by the National Authority for Roads, Bridges, and Land Transport, Cairo, Egypt, 2007.
The project aimed at proposing the most suitable path for the proposed road that extends from the Regional Ring Road to the road of ElZagazig – ElSinbelawain road, northern Zagazig City. To determine the most suitable path, similar conceptual approach to the previous project has been followed.
Master planning for the determination of the most suitable path of the proposed Regional Ring Road, Nile Delta, Phase II. Commissioned by the National Authority for Roads, Bridges, and Land Transport, Cairo, Egypt, 2007.
The project aimed at proposing the most suitable paths for the proposed Regional Ring Road that extends from Belbees City – Eastern Cairo City- to ElSadat City – in the western fringe of the Nile Delta. To determine the most suitable path, similar conceptual approach to the previous project has been followed.
Master planning for the determination of the most suitable path of the proposed Regional Ring Road, the Nile Delta, Phase I. Commissioned by the National Authority for Roads, Bridges, and Land Transport, Cairo, Egypt, 2007.
The project aimed at proposing the most suitable paths for the proposed Regional Ring Road that extends from Badr City – Eastern Cairo City- to Belbees City – in the eastern fringe of the Nile Delta. To determine the most suitable path, a master plan for the study area between Badr City and Belbees City has been conducted. The master planning involves the construction of detailed and up-to-date geo-spatial data along with their appropriate attributes. An analytical GIS model has been developed to determine the most suitable path of the proposed road. The model produced a number of path segments that avoid the residential, industrial, and other polygon areas; and is characterized by the lowest number of intersections with the linear spatial features such as irrigation and drainage channels, road networks, and power lines. Each path comprises various segments. Whole paths from the proposed starting and destination points are then established from the various path segments. Differentiation between the whole paths is carried out based on the various spatial characteristics such as length, number of intersections with linear features (e.g. roads, irrigation canals, and utilities), and cut off areas from the residential, the industrial and agricultural land. Eventually, the most accepted whole path is the path that has the shortest length and the lowest number of intersection; and has no or minimum cut off areas from the polygon features such as the residential and industrial areas.
SAR interferometry and surface change detection: A case study in Wadi Watir region, Gulf of Aqaba, Egypt. Submitted to the Science and Research Fund, The National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, Egypt, Project Budget 36,000 L.E (Egyptian Pounds), July 2008. PI of the project.
SAR interferometry and surface change detection: A case study in Wadi Watir region, Gulf of Aqaba, Egypt. Submitted to the Science and Research Fund, The National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, Egypt, Project Budget 36,000 L.E (Egyptian Pounds), July 2008. PI of the project.
Master planning for the determination of the most suitable path of the proposed road from Kafr – ElZayyat City to Alexandria City, Western Nile Delta. Commissioned by the National Authority for Roads, Bridges, and Land Transport, Cairo, Egypt, 2007.
The project aimed at proposing the most suitable path for the proposed road that extends from Kafr ElZayat City to Alexandria City. To determine the most suitable path, similar conceptual approach to the previous project has been followed.
Production of Photomaps and a Complete Mosaic of the Eastern Desert, the Valley and the Nile Delta Using Spot 4 Satellite Data
The aim of this work is to produce all the photomap quadrants (scale 1:250,000) for the Eastern Desert, the Valley and the Nile Delta of Egypt Using Spot 4 Satellite Data and to provide its complete digital mosaic. The project area is delimited geographically by latitudes 22º 00` N and 32º 00` N and longitudes 30º 00` E and 37º 00` E, approximately (excluding Sinai peninsula). The area is covered by thirty topographic sheets, according to the Egyptian standard 1:250,000 scale maps. Also the project area is covered approximately by 175 Spot4 satellite scenes. This work will help decision-makers and development planners to use these maps in different potential fields, such as: geology, water resources, land use mapping, environment,.…etc. The eastern desert area has now been declared by the Egyptian Government a priority development area for both mineral industry and tourism.
Regional Flow Conditions And Structural Setting of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System In Southern Western Desert of EgyptUsing Remote Sensing, GIS and Mathematical ModelingTechniques
The main goal of this research project is to evaluate the present situation of the groundwater of Nubian Sandstone aquifer in the East Uweinat-Darb El-Arbaain area by remote sensing, GIS and other techniques. The response of this aquifer to the process of extraction in each area could be achieved. The current hydrogeological and hydrochemical characteristics could be determined. Any fruitful results will be used for the recommendations. However, this project reinforces the overall objective of the National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences of Egypt. The collected background data about this project are; remote sensing data (optical and radar), topographic, geomorphologic, geologic, hydrogeologic, hydrochemical mapping, climatic data and data for wells already drilled. The main outputs of this project will reinforce setting up of a hydropolicy for maintaining this vital aquifer system and delineating the main hydrogeological structural setting prevailing in this remote part of Egypt
The project uses the ZEISS RMK15 camera to conduct an aerial photography operation of Alameen and Wadi el Natroon for a total area of 4,000 Km2. The aerial photo scale is 1/10000.
Project Description: The Project of ""Preparation of land resources data base for agricultural usage" is a great step taken by the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology towards documenting one of the most important Egyptian scientific wealth (i.e. thematic maps). The project was undertaken following a suggestion to the Soils and Water Resources Research Council of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology in 2003. It is the first attempt in Egypt to prepare a digital geographic information database for the Nile alluvial soils and desert fringes.
The project uses the ZEISS RMK15 camera to conduct an aerial photography operation of Nile Delta and valley for a total area of 40,000 Km2. The aerial photo scale is 1/10000.
The northern Nile Delta is considered to be especially at risk from the effects of any sea level rise resulting from global warming. The low-lying lands of the Nile Delta are severely vulnerable to the effects of any sea level rise resulting from global warming. Geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing data for different dates indicates the capability of these techniques to map the water and land resources vulnerable areas and quantitatively assess vulnerable sectors in each area. Multidate ETM images classification techniques of 1984 to 2000 revealed a specific change in Water\land units. These changes reflected the drastic effect of global climate change and sea level rise in the last few decades. The seawater intrusion will affect the groundwater salinization, groundwater levels and soil salinity, where the groundwater salinity ranges from less than 1,000 ppm to more than 10,000 ppm. Fresh water is found in the central and southern Nile Delta. The salinity increases in northward direction (excess of 10,000 ppm), which is attributed to the subsurface intrusion of seawater, where the interface is found near the surface at Kafr El-Sheikh Town and is located at approximately 300 m below the surface near Tanta Town. The groundwater and land resources deterioration trends reflected at the northern part of the River Nile Delta was investigated using Kriging statistical spatial modeling algorithm using geographic information system (GIS), where a geographically corrected satellite ETM landsat image were selected as a base map. Mapping total dissolved solids (TDS) during investigated years from 1974 to 2000 was logically presented. This subtle change reveals the water balance equation and the expected stability of the hydrologic system within the forthcoming few decades.
Water and Land Resources Assessment for the Eastern Fringes of Assiut District and its Adjacent Areas, Egypt, Using Geoinformation Technologies.
Wadi El-Assiuti dry drainage basin is one of the largest valleys in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. It comprises in its downstream part valuable lands for cultivation and is considered as a developmental corridor for the over-populated Assiut Governorate. Groundwater development and utilization have reached alarming rates in Wadi El Assiuti new cultivated lands. The Pleistocene groundwater aquifer is the predominant source of water supply and over 85 boreholes are found in the area. High rates of abstraction and a lack of adequate recharge have caused drastic over consumption and operational difficulties. Proper management strategies are required. This project suggests management strategies in terms of groundwater-surface water conjunctive use and water harvesting plan, which aimed at improving the situation. The priority areas for development were determined by several ground truth (collecting data on boreholes) and GIS techniques. These techniques designated the south western part of the study area as priority areas suitable for the developmental activities.
The project uses the ZEISS RMK15 camera to conduct an aerial photography operation of the city and governorate of Alexandria for a total area of 2160 Km2. The city aerial photo scale is 1/5000. The governorate scale is 1/15000.
Radar satellite images are considered as a new and useful data sources for different remote sensing applications. One of the benefits of this technology is the ability to obtain images night and day under all weather conditions (clouds, haze, fog,…). It can also penetrate the surface of the Earth to some extent under certain conditions (soil moisture and surface roughness). It could also be used to produce the digital elevation model (DEM) for certain area by processing a couple of images obtained from two different angles. These DEM ’s have many uses, among the most important are the following: - Giving a lot of information about the geomorphology of the Earth’s surface. - Cut and fill problems in road design and other civil engineering projects. - Planning for locations and dams. - Computing slope and aspect maps to assist prediction of erosion hazards. - As a background for displaying thematic information such as natural Earth’s surface, soil types, and vegetation. Therefore, this research conducts a comparative study for the DEM generation from the Canadian Radarsat Satellite data, north gulf of Suez area. An evaluation and assessment of the advantages (benefits) and disadvantages (drawbacks) in general and in comparison with the DEM generated from the topographic maps will be performed. In return, a lot of experiences will be gained by the research team using this kind of recent data.
Water Resources Assessment and Future Land use planning of the area located to the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt
Water resources in Ain El Sukhna area play an important role in providing a source of potable water for land use and construction of new settlements. Remote sensing, GIS, hydrogeology, geochemistry and environmental isotopes were integrated in this study to assess groundwater resources recharging and landuse planning. The structural setting of the study area affected to a great extent the hydrogeological regime of the aquifer systems of the study area and resulted in the initiation of fracture or flowing springs. This same setting, especially the deep-sated faults, was responsible for the hydrochemical and isotopic composition of the groundwater of the study area. The water level at the area of the Miocene aquifer in the northern parts of the study area is higher than that of the Quaternary aquifer areas. This means that, the Miocene aquifer is the main source of recharge to the Quaternary aquifer. The main flow of water in the study area is directed from west, northwest and south to east and southeast. This gave evidence that the main recharge is coming from the upland areas, which lead to rainfall water storage in the sediments of these areas. In the northwestern coastal zone of the Gulf of Suez region, the groundwater is being excessively pumped thorough a number of domestic and commercial wells. For this sake, recent groundwater recharging by direct rainfall and surface runoff water needs to be maximized and optimized. The hydrographic basins of the study area are distinguished into five hydrographic basins. These basins are W. Ghweibba, W. Badaa, W. Hagul, W. Hammtih and W. South Hagul. The construction of retardation dams in some selected locations will enhance the groundwater recharging, or at least minimize the flood damage with the concomitant increase in seepage/runoff ratio. The sites selection of these dams was determined according to several criteria, e.g. soil characteristics, soil infiltration capacity, slope factors, morphometric characteristics and flood mitigation measurements.
The system uses the GPS instantaneous data and the local magnetic north direction to keep pointing continuously towards a predefined position irrespective of the speed and direction of motion of the system platform.
Project Description: LandWaterMED is a thematic network involving experts from the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries (SEMC) to exchange information and expertise in geo-information systems for water and land management. The general objectives include examination of the needs of the participating SEMCs for monitoring land and water resources, the institutions and methods currently involved in such activities, and the potential role of remote sensing as one of the tools for reaching a sustainable environment. Involving 17 partners from Mediterranean countries (among them 4 from the EU) this network has successfully organized a scientific community through direct and remote discussions. Scientist in the network have been involved in sharing experience to work on developing a better and more concerted use of Geomatics to contribute to improve the management of land and water in the region.
Technology management & integrated modeling in Natural resources: A university-enterprise win-win partnership (TEMPUS)
This project is funded under the EC TEMUPS scheme. It supports staff in Egyptian universities through an international joint Master’s program. It provides opportunities for candidates with degrees in a range of scientific and engineering disciplines to enhance their knowledge of the water environment and land resources, through a program with theoretical, practical and computational (informatics) components. The introduction of new Joint post-graduate MSc Program in “Technology Management and integrated Modeling in natural resources” in line with international Standards complies with the priorities and objectives of the Egyptian Ministry of Higher Education.
Integration of Geoscience and Archeology to Support Site Management and the preservation of Egyptian Heritage on Giza Plateau”
The project aims at generating a dynamic hydro-geological model of the plateaus subsurface, which would allow the modeling and assessment of groundwater migration within the plateau. The geological model is based on surface geological and hydrological data and is calibrated with data from water wells and archaeological shafts.
Capacity Building of the Egyptian Geological Survey and Mining Authority (EGSMA) and the National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (NARSS) for the Sustainable Development of the South Valley and Sinai”. Layer: “North Western Desert” Egypt
. The maps to be produced include 25 sheets, distributed according to the international standard grid. The work involves revision of the already available maps to establish a standardized stratigraphical subdivision for mappable rock units and to check the distribution of these rock units in the study region by means of various remote sensing techniques and field verification The project also involves in this phase (layer) the training of a team of field geologists, sedimentologists and paleontologists to produce a description of stratigraphic sequence in order to clarify environments of deposition and ages for a sound subdivision of mappable units. This team should also cooperate with specialists of geological image processing of remotely sensed satellite data to produce images for mapping. They should also cooperate with specialists to digitize the produced map to include them in a GIS database, for further use in various planing purposes to help decision makers.
The project aimed at finding a method for locating the position on earth surface by using the inherent earth geo-magnetic field. The USGE provides a geo-referenced model for the earth magnetic field in which the latitude, longitude and elevation are the input of the model while the output is the north, east and vertical earth magnetic field The project introduces a methodology for solving the inverse earth magnetic field problem in which the input are the local magnetic field measurements and the output is the point latitude, longitude and vertical position of the point of interest.
Structural and Tectonic Evolution of El-Faiyum Depression, North Western Desert, Egypt Based on Analysis of Landsat TM, SIR-C/X-SAR and SRTM data
The project aimed towards developing and implementing methodologies for using Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM), Shuttle Imaging Radar (SIR) C/X Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), and Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) data to understand the tectonic evolution of El-Faiyum epression in the Western Desert of Egypt.
A Master planning for the determination of the most suitable path of the proposed road extended from Ashmoun, Menofiya Governorate, to the 58 Km sign on Cairo-Alexandria Desert road. Commissioned by the General Organization for Physical Planning, Cairo, Egypt, 2009.
The project aimed at proposing the most suitable path for the proposed road that extends from the selected path of the proposed road form Ashmoun City to Cairo-Alexandria road. . To determine the most suitable path, similar conceptual approach to the previous project has been followed.
Changes in Arid Mediterranean Ecosystems on the Long term and Earth Observation (CAMELEO), 1997-2001
The principal objective of CAMELEO is to set-up and demonstrate an integrated concept for an operational Earth observation system to operationally monitor desertification processes at regional scale in the arid parts of the Mediterranean basin (i.e. mainly North Africa), in order to contribute to the fulfillment of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD) and to support sustainable land management to mitigate desertification. The general concept is to integrate all available data on the studied environments. This includes data collected on the ground as well as data acquired by Earth Observation programmes. The scientific approach relies strongly on the experience and results already gained by the other projects (i.e. EMAP-MECOM) and international initiatives such as the ROSELT-OSS network.
The project used the available published data on the atmospheric electric field, atmospheric electric current and atmospheric electric resistance and the periodical variation of these variables with time. The project next phase is to use this atmospheric electric field models to study the relationship between the electric field variation and other atmospheric phenomena.
Using Satellite Data in the Assessment of Water Quality Parameters in Some Areas along the Red Sea Coast, Egypt
Remote sensing is a suitable and valuable technique for large-scale monitoring of coastal water quality. It provides synoptic views of the spatial distribution of the biological, chemical, and physical variables of both the water and, if visible, the bottom surface. Increasing interest and research in remote sensing of water quality of coastal waters have been developed recently. Research in the remote sensing of coastal waters has evolved as a synergistic admixture of theoretical and applied modeling, sensor development, and calibration/validation based on aquatic optics. Obviously, a water system with a variety of optically active substances that display temporal and spatial variations is more complex and requires more sophisticated models for remotely sensing the water constituents than mid-ocean waters containing only one component. In this regard, some coastal waters in Egypt are subject to considerable ecological pressure as a result of domestic and industrial polluting sources. Comprehensive, reliable and up to date information are a prerequisite for successful coastal water management. Therefore, Satellite and ground based monitoring of water quality conditions and adjacent uses are important parameters to be monitored in coordination. The potential application of the remote sensing techniques appeared in the last decades, as an attractive complement to in situ, airborne or model data for the efficient monitoring of large areas. As a matter of fact satellites can provide a two-dimensional synoptic view in a time series over long periods ranging from days to years. Therefore, the main objective of this project is to use the modern applications of remote sensing observations on calculation and retrieval of geophysical water quality parameters based on modeling electromagnetic wave interaction/propagation with matter.
The system uses the GPS instantaneous data and the local magnetic north direction to keep pointing continuously towards a predefined position irrespective of the speed and direction of motion of the system platform. The system is loaded in an ultra light aircraft. The system was tested on ground but not tested on board.
NARSS has been selected by the EC as a partner with other North African countries for building up a system for Monitoring and Modelling coastal lagoons for management of aquatic resources using satellite data. This project concerns the development of lagoonal ecosystem monitoring (by field survey, long-term monitoring through field instrumentation and remote sensing) and its integration within hydraulic/ecological modelling. It has several aims and objectives designed to help tackle current deficiencies in northern delta lagoons management.
WATER use efficiency in natural vegetation and agricultural areas byremote sensing in the Mediterranean basin
During the last few years, the northeastern coastal plain of Sinai Peninsula between El-Arish and Rafah has witnessed a rapid increase of population and extensive urban, industrial and agricultural activities. These developments have imposed a great impact on the natural resources of area, especially ground-water The objective of this study is to investigate the spatial and temporal variations of salt-water intrusion into the Quaternary aquifer system along El-Arish-Rafah stretch during the 1988-1993 period using the available hydrogeologic data along with the 1993 version of the U.S.Geological population and extensive urban, industrial and Survey's program MOCDENSE" by Sanford and Konikow (1985). Calibrated and verified models were used for predicting the position of salt water- fresh water interface during the next 15 and 25 years. To achieve the objective of the study; previous meteorologic, geologic and hydrogeologic data were collected. Field measurements of ground-water levels change in electrical conductivity (EC) with depth, and chemical analysis of 414 water samples were conducted in September 1991, March and September 1992, and March 1993. These measurements were used for construction of three hydrogeologic cross sections at El-Arish, El-Sheikh Zuwayid, and Rafah areas; and preparation of maps for water-table elevations, saturated thickness of aquifer, transmissivity, and iso-salinity. Digitized maps, field measurements of water levels, chemical analysis of water samples, calculated hydrogeologic parameters, and literature-searched data were gathered into data files which are required to run the "MOCDE
NARSS, in collaboration with FAO have been starting to develop an integrated information system for operational monitoring and management of the Nile Delta Coastal area. The information system will assimilate and integrate satellite and in situ data as well as information on urban, industrial and agricultural facilities and processes that affect water quality. This information will then be transformed into digital maps of coastal water quality and water use and distributed to the public and private entities. In particular, it will provide water quality and water use maps that will assist the sustainable management of delta fisheries resources, the placement and aquaculture facilities, and the conservation of important wetland systems in the region, and will facilitate the routine monitoring of sewage discharge and sediment transport in the region.
Design and Development of Prototype for Hyper Spectral Imaging System for Electro Optical Laboratory
The project is intended to design and integrate hyperspectral imaging system by utilization of different components and to interface, integrate and align them together. The assembled system can be tested by using developed software. The results are satisfactory by producing such system whose data is utilized by the specialists of Agriculture Division in NARSS and The specialists of Electronic Research Institute.
Project Description: Medcoastland is a thematic network project funded by the European Commission (EC), within the 5th framework program for the international cooperation with Mediterranean countries (INCO-MED), aiming at the Mediterranean coordination and dissemination of land conservation management to combat land degradation for the sustainable use of natural resources in the Mediterranean coastal zones.The overall objective of MEDCOASTLAND is to contribute to sustainable development, planning and management of natural resources in Mediterranean coastal areas, with particular regard to Land and Soil Degradation and Conservation Management.
Integration of Satellite Land Surface Assessment with Socio-Economic Parameters for Global Desertification Monitoring in the Arid Mediterranean
AVICENNE is a research program on desertification monitoring, associating scientists from Egypt, Tunisia and IRD of France. The actual main objectives of this project are to: Contribute in the development of a global understanding of desertification phenomena as a basis for strategies to combat it. Design an approach integrating the biophysical ground observation with remote sensing to detect changes occurring at the land surface. Link socio-economic information with remotely sensed land surface changes using a GIS, towards the definition of global desertification indicators.
The European Community, as an association of technologically highly developed nations, including several powerful members possessing shores on the Mediterranean, strongly developed a monitoring system using satellite data, to fight marine pollution due to oil slicks in the Mediterranean sea as important water body for Mediterranean countries (RAMSES System). In addition the system was provided by meteorological and oceanographic data on winds, currents and waves to predict movements of oil slicks. NARSS has been selected as a pilot user for this system. The system offers a good opportunity to be involved in an international project making use of satellite data for a significant application, of broad national interest.
Master planning for the determination of the selected path of the Regional Ring Road north ElBajour City –middle of the Nile Delta- to Defra high way south Tanta City – middle Nile Delta. Commissioned by the National Authority for Roads, Bridges, and Land Transport, Cairo, Egypt, 2007.
The project aimed at proposing the most suitable path for the proposed road that extends from the selected path of the Regional Ring road north El Bajour City – middle Nile Delta – to Defra high way south Tanta City – middle Nile Delta. To determine the most suitable path, similar conceptual approach to the previous project has been followed.