Prof.Dr.Sayed M. Arafat

Summary :

Emeritus Professor of Soils and RS applications in Vegetation Cover Studies

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+202- 26225800

Jan. 2014 -

Emeritus Professor of Soils and RS applications in Vegetation Cover Studies

Aug.2008Jan 2014

Head of Agricultural applications, Soils and Marine Division,

NARSS, Cairo, Egypt

Nov.2005 -

Acting Member of NARSS Board Directors

Dec.2005- 2010

Acting in Charge of Secretary General of NARSS, Cairo, Egypt

Sep. 2001- 2008

Head of Scientific Training and Continuous Studies Division,

NARSS, Cairo, Egypt

June 2000 - 2001

Professor of Soils, Soils and Water Use Dept., National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

1995 - 2000

Associated professor, Soils and Water Use Department, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

1990 - 1995

Research Scientist, Soils and Water Use Department, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt


Research Area :

Remote Sensing applications in agriculture such as yield prediction modeling, crop monitoring, crop survey, spatial analysis. The main interests are in vegetation characteristics, hyperspectral remote sensing, and spatial statistics.

Education :

1976         B.Sc.   Agriculture Faculty, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

1983         M.Sc.  in, Agriculture Faculty, Ain Shams University

1989         Ph.D.  in Soil Sciences, Leningrad Agric. Ins. USSR.

Professional Experience :

  • Vice President of African Association of Remote Sensing and Environment (for North Africa –2006-2010 & 2010-2014).
  •  Member of the NARSS Board Directors (2005- 2014).
  • Executive Editor of the Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (2001-2009).
  • Member of High leading National Committee of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (2010- 2012).
  • Secretary General of 6th International Conference on Earth Observation & Geoformation Sciences in Support of Africa’s   Development, 30 October – 2 November, 2006 Cairo, Egypt.
  • Post-Doctoral Senior Scientist, University of Texas at Dallas, USA, February-August 2005.
  • Secretary General of 3rd International Symposium on Sustainable Agro-Environmental Systems: New Technologies and Applications, 26-29 October 2002, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Regular reviewer of manuscripts submitted to several scientific journals including (Remote Sensing of the Environment, International Journal of Remote Sensing, among other journals).
  • Member of  the Editorial Advisory Board of Lagos Journal of Geo-Information Sciences (LJGIS).
  • External examiner of M.Sc. and Ph.D. students.
  • Organizer of several workshops, coordinator and session chair in several conferences and symposia.

Publications :

Author and co-author of 63 peer-reviewed papers on soils and remote sensing applications in agriculture. 

Author and co-author of several papers in conference proceedings


1-Awad, F., S. Fuda and S.M. Araft (1984). Availability of iron and manganese in some Egyptian soils. Agrokemia Estalajtan .33 (3-4): 443-458.

2-Awad, F., S.Fuda and S.M. Araft (1985). Zinc and copper in some soils of Egypt as related to other properties. Z.Pflanzenernachr. Bodenk.148, 225-232.

3-Aranbaef and S. M. Arafat (1989). Content and forms of zinc combination in oasis soils  and its biological circulation in the system soil-cotton.Scientific Conference,  Leningrad  Agric. Ins.  24-27 April, 1989.   

4-Salem, N., A.S. El-Neklawy, S.A. Hammad and S.M. Arafat (1991).The effect of   different combinations of  bitumenous  emulsion  or  polyacrylamide and bentonite   on growth and nutrients uptake by corn  plant. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 16(11):  2734-2742.

5- Arafat, S.M.,M. Abou Seeda, M.A. Sherif and M.A. Rasheed (1992). Beneficial effect  of filter mud on agrochemical characteristics of    sandy soil. Zagazig  J. Agric. Res. 19(4): 1907-1915.

6- Abou  Seeda, M. , S. soliman , S.M. Arafat,  and a. Khater  (1992). Nitrogen  transformation and its uptake by rice plant in waterlogged  soil. Zagazig J. Agric. Res.     19(4): 1907-1915.

7- Abou Seeda,M, S. soliman, S.M. Arafat and S.A. Hammad (1992). Land disposal and its effect on chemical characteristics of soil. Zagazig .J. Agric.  Res.,19(5): 2379- 2391.

8- Abou Seeda,M., S.M. ARAFAT, S.Soliman and S.A. Hammad (1992). The fate of   applied Cd-109 to Lake Sediment as affected by pH and   Eh. Egypt.J.  Appl., Sci.,7(10): 424-437.

9- Abou seeda,M., S.Soliman,. S.Hammad and S.M.Arafat  (1992).  Behavior of NO3-N  in sediment under flooded circumstances using  N-15.Egypt,J.  Appl. Sci., 7(10): 493-505.

10- Arafat, S.M.; M. Abou Seeda; A.L. saleh and F. I. Header (1993). Effect of sewage  sludge treated with Cd, Ni and Pb on the dry  matter.     African, J. Agric.  Sci. 20(1): 19-26.

11- Sherif, M. A., S. M. Arafat and T. M. Mosalem(1993). Using double pot technique for evaluating soil nutrient deficiency. III-Zinc. African, J.  Agric.Sci. 20(1): 55-69.

12- El-Quesni, F. E., S.M. Arafat and S. A. Saad El-Din (1993). Effect of weed control treatments on yield, nutrient content of    cowpea and  associated weeds at Nobarya. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura    Univ. 18(8(: 2309-2314.

13- Arafat, S.M. (1994). Evaluation of sugarcane filter mud on improving soil characteristics and watermelon Yield. Egypt, J. Appl. Sci. 9(9): 287-295.

14- Arafat, S. M., M. A. Sherif, M. H. Enany and R. N. Saad (1995). Effect of Rhizobium and Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycrohizal (VAM) on growth,  Phosphorus and nitrogen uptake by vicia faba (L.) in  hydroponic culture. Egypt, J. Soil Sci.35 (1): 117-128.

15-Abdel, M.M. and S.M. Arafat (1995). Effect of solarization on broad bean seedling damping-off plus chemical and microbiological characteristics of soil. Fayoum J. Agric.   Res. & Dev. 9(1): 29-40.

16- Abdel-Fattah, A.; M.R. Abdel-Moez and S.M. Arafat (1996).Pattern of growth and nutrients uptake by broad bean plant as  affected by application of different organic wastes. J.Agric. Sci.  Mansoura Univ.,  21(11):4195-     4212.

17- Arafat, S.M.; H. El-Aila and A.Abd Elgalil. (1997).Utilization of sugarcane filter mud to minimize nitrogen fertilizers  for sorghum  growth. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 22(4): 1267- 1276.

18- Khater, A.; M. Abou Seeda and S.M. Arafat (1997). Use of sewage sludge for sustainable agriculture and pollution   preservation. II-  Beneficial. Effects of composted material. J.  Agric.Sci. Mansoura Univ., 22(5): 1801- 1811.

19- Abou Seeda, M.; S. M. Arafat and A. Khater (1997).Effect of redox potential (Eh) and soil acidity (pH) on rice growth  and nutrients uptake. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 22(7): 2507-  2518.

20- Abou Seeda, M.; S.M. Arafat and H. El-Aila (1997). New approaches to maximize N-use efficiency in paddy soil. J. Agtic.  Sci. Mansoura Univ., 22(10): 3479-3489.

21- El-Aila, H.I.; M. Abou Seeda and S.M. Arafat (1997). Evaluation of some controlled release N-fertilizers and bio inhibitors   in wetland rice ecosystem. Zagazig J. Agric. Res., 24(5): 891-904.

22- Arafat, S.M. (1998). Evaluation of fertilizing efficiency of bagasse ash and its effect on faba bean growth  J. Agric Sci. Mansoura Univ., 23(2): 919-926.

23- El-Aila, H.I.; M. Abou Seeda and S.M. Arafat (1998). Studies on slow release fertilizers: VI-Combined effects of available  water content   and slow. Release fertilizers on wheat production. J.  Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ.,  23(3): 1329-1336.

 24- Hammad, S.A.; S.M. Arafat and N. Atia (1998). N-efficiency as affected by algalization and N-Sources in rice soils. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura. Univ., 23(7): 3549-3557.

25- Arafat, S.M. (1998). Uptake and distribution of cadmium in cucumber plant as affected by nitrogen form.  Egypt, J. Soil Sci. 38(1-4): 441-452.

 26- Arafat, S.M., A. Abd El-Galil and M. Abou Seeda (1999). Improvement of nitrogen fertilizer efficiency with nitrification  inhibitors in lowland   rice. Pakistan journal of biological  sciences,  2(4): 1184-1187.

 27- Ashour, N., S.M. Arafat., A. Abd El-Haleem., M. Serag., S. Mandour and B. Mekki  (1999). Growing halophytes in Egypt for forage production and desertification control. Bull.N R C, Egypt, 24(3): 349-360.

28- Abdel Rahman, S.I., S.M. Arafat, M.A. Yehia, and M. A. Abou Sedera (1999) Assessment and evaluation of land resources of Darb El Arbien, southwestern  desert of Egypt, Int. Conf. In Develop. Of arid lands, Cairo, 23-25 Aug. 1999.

29- Arafat, S.M. and O.A. El-Hady. (2000).Potential use of natural (manures) and synthetic (hydrogels) conditioners for   improving water and fertilizers use efficiency by cotton grown in a sandy calcareous soil. Egyptian Soil Science Society ,Golden Congress on soil and  sustainable  agriculture in the new century,  Cairo, Oct, 23-25,2000.

30- Arafat, S.M. (2000). Possibilities of Using Bagasse Ash as a Waste of the Cane Sugar Industry for Sustainable Agriculture and Pollution Preservation. 5th Int. Sym. On Environmental Geotechnology and Global Sustainable Development,17-23 August, 2000, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

31- Arafat, S.M. (2001). Use and Environmental Impacts of Sludge: Land application of treated sludge and its effect on soil properties and chemical composition of olive   fruits. 6th Int. Conf. On the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, July 29- August 2, 2001, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, PP. 432.

32- Arafat, S..M and Yassen, A.E. (2002). Agronomic evaluation of fertilizing efficiency of vinasse. 17th World Congress of Soil Science, 14-21 August 2002, Bangkok, Thailand Vol. II, Sym. 13-21, PP. 474.

33- Yassen, A., Arafat, S. and Zaghloul, S. (2002). Feather Meal as Potential Sources of Nitrogen as Organic Fertilizer. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura. Univ., 27(9): 6476-6476.

34- Yassen, A.; Arafat, S. and  Zaghloul, S.( 2002). Mixmizing Use of Rinasse and Filter Mud as by Products of Suger Cane on Wheat Production. . J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura. Univ., 27(11): 7865-7873.

35- Arafat, S.M. (2003). The utilization of geo-information technology for agricultural development and management in Egypt. 7th International Specialized Conference on Diffuse Pollution and Basin Management 17-22 August 2003. Dublin, Ireland

36-Tayel, M.Y., Arafat, S.M. and Abd El-Hady, M. (2004). Increasing the role of the  rainfall in agriculturei- Cereals crops (Wheat), (In press)

37- El- Nahry A.H. and Arafat, S.M. (2004). Terrain analyses and soil characteristics as a base for land capability assessment of arable lands, Sinai, Egypt, Egypt J. Remote Sensing & Space Sci., V. (7): 37-52.

38- Hassan, O. A.; Ahmed, M. H. and Arafat, S.M. (2005). Environmental Land-Cover/Land-Use Change Detection in the Coastal Zone of the Gulf of Aqaba, Egypt, Using Multi-Temporal Landsat Imagery. Egypt, Egypt J. Remote Sensing & Space Sci., V. (8): 21-38.

39- Friesen, Erik, Miller, Nathan, Stern, Robert, Arafat, Sayed, and Abdelsalam, Mohamed G. (2005) Remote Sensing and GIS as a Cyber reconnaissance tool in Northern Ethiopia and Southern Eritrea. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, October 16–19, 2005, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, Session No. 44, T41. Geologic Remote Sensing

40- Arafat, S.M.;  Hassan, O. A. and Ahmed, M. H. (2006)  land-use /land-cover change mapping for Gulf of Suez coastal by integrating remote sensing and geographical information techniques. , Egypt, Egypt J. Remote Sensing & Space Sci., (In Press).

41- Abdelsalam, Mohamed G., Youssef, Ahmed M., Arafat, Sayed M. and Alafarhan, Mohammed (2007). The rise and demise of the new lakes of Sahara. Geological Society of America (GSA) Denver Annual Meeting, 28–31 October, 2007, Colorado Convention Center • Denver, Colorado, USA.

42- El Bastawesy, M., Khalaf, Fikry and Arafat, S. M.. (2008) The use of remote  sensing and GIS for the estimation of water loss from TushkaLakes, south Western  Desert, Egypt African Earth Sciences (2008), doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2008.03.006

43- Afify, A.A.; S.M. Arafat;  N.M. Afify and  I.F. Ahmed 2008. Retreating rate estimation of the fertile alluvium in Nile Delta under the urban encroachment, using remote sensing data and GIS techniques. J. of Appl. Sci., 23 (1): 235-250

44- Afify A. Afify, Sayed S. Arafat, Aboel Ghar M. and Magdy H. Khader (2010)  Physiographic soil map delineation for the Nile alluvium and desert outskirts in middle Egypt using remote sensing data of EgyptSat-1. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (2010) 13, 129–135

45- Sayed M. Arafat, A.Afify, M.Aboelghar and A.Belal, Rice crop monitoring in  Egyptian Nile Delta using Egyptsat-1 data, US-Egypt Workshop   on Space Technology and Geo-information for Sustainable Development, Cairo,  Egypt 14- 17 June, 2010

46- M. Aboelghar a, S. Arafat a, A. Saleh a, S. Naeem b, M. Shirbeny a. and A. Bela. (2010) Retrieving leaf area index from SPOT4 satellite data, Egypt. J. Remote  Sensing &  Space Sci.,Vol. 13.

47- Sayed, M. Arafat., Afify  A. Afify and Nagwan M. Afify (2010) Urban extension  impact over Nile delta using remotely sensed data and GIS analysis. 17thInternational Symposium on Space Technology Management and Application General   Organization of Remote Sensing GORS, Damascus, Syria, 8-10/11/2010

48- Afify A. Afify, Sayed M. Arafat, Aboelghar, M, Nagwan M. Afify and Mona   S.Yonis (2010). Delineating rice belt cultivation in the Nile pro-delta of Vertisols    using  remote sensing data of Egypt Sat-1, 17th International  Symposium on Space Technology Management and Application General  Organization of Remote  Sensing GORS, Damascus, Syria, 8-10/11/2010

49- Arafat S,M; Tahoun S.A; Abdel Bary E.A; and Elsayed M.A (2010) Assessment of Land Degradation Processes for Sustainable Environmental Management of Natural Resources in the coastal areas, Egypt, 8th International Conference African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment (AARSE) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, October 25- 29, 2010

50- Afify A. Afify, Sayed M. Arafat, Mohamed A. Aboelghar and Ashraf A. Mohamed (2011) Monitoring the Informal urban expansion over the highly productive alluvium in Nile Delta Apex using EgyptSat-1 data, Journal of Biological Chemistry and Environmental Sciences- June 2011 pp. 31- 42

51- M.A. El-Shirbeny, M.A. Aboelgher, S.M. Arafat and A.M. El-Gindy (2011) Mutual influence between climate and vegetation cover through satellite data in Egypt, Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII, 19-21 September  2011, Prague, Czech, Vol. 8174

52- A. M. Saleh & A. B. Belal & S. M. Arafat (2011) Identification and mapping of some soil types using field spectrometry and spectral mixture analyses: a case study of North Sinai, Egypt, Arab J Geosci, DOI 10.1007/s12517-011-0501-6

53- E.Farg, S.Arafat, A.El Gendy and M.S. Abd-Elwahed (2012)] Estimation of Evapotranspiration and Crop Coefficient Kc of Wheat, in south Nile Delta Egypt Using integrated FAO-56 approach and remote sensing data, Egypt. J. Remote Sensing & Space Sci., Vol.15 (1), 83-89

54- Mohammed El-Shirbeny, Mohamed Aboelghar, Sayed Arafat and Abdel-Ghany El-Gindy (2012) Assessment of the Mutual Impact between Climate and Vegetation Cover Using NOAA-AVHRR and Landsat Data in Egypt. Arab J Geosci, DOI 10.1007/s12517-012-0791-3

55- Mohamed Aboelghar, Sayed Arafat, Abdel-Raouf Ali (2012) Spectral Wheat Yield Prediction Modeling Using SPOT Satellite Imagery and Leaf Area Index, Arab J Geosci, DOI 10.1007/s12517-012-0772-6.

56- M. Aboelghar, S. Arafat, M. Abo Yousef, M. El-Shirbeny, S. Naeem, A. Massoud, N. Saleh (2012) Using SPOT data and leaf area index for rice yield estimation in Egyptian Nile delta.The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (2011) 14, 81–89

57- Nagwan M. Afify, Abdel Aziz S. Sheta, Sayed M. Arafat, Mohamed S. Abd-Elwahed and El-Beltagy, A.S. (2012) Study on the impact of urban encroachment over the cultivated Nile sediments using remote sensing and GIS techniques. J. Biol. Chem. Environ Sci., 7 (4), pp. 783-800

58-M.S. Yones , S. Arafat , A.F. Abou Hadid, H.A. Abd Elrahman, H.F. Dahi (2012) Determination of the best timing for control application against cotton leaf worm using remote sensing and geographical information techniques. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (2012) 15, 151–160

59- Arafat S.M., Farg E, Shokr M., El-Kazaz G.(2013) Internet-based Spectral Database for Different Land Covers in Egypt. Advances in Remote Sensing,doi:10.4236/ars.2013.***** Published Online

60- Arafat S. M., Mohamed A. Aboelghar, Eslam F. Ahmed (2013) Crop Discrimination Using Field Hyper Spectral Remotely Sensed Data. Advances in Remote Sensing, doi:10.4236/ars.2013.***** Published Online

61-Mohamed Aboelghar, Sayed Arafat and Eslam Farag (2013) Hyper Spectral Measurements as a Method for Potato Crop Characterization. International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 122-129, Article ID ISSN 2320 - 0243

62-Magaly Koch, Ahmed Gaber , Mohamed H., Gereish , El-Sayed Zaghloul , Sayed M. Arafat ,and Mostafa AbuBakr (2013) Multisensor characterization of subsurface structures in a desert plain area in Egypt with implications for groundwater exploration. Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XV, edited by Christopher M. U. Neale, Antonino Maltese, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8887, 888712 · © 2013 SPIE · CCC code: 0277-786X/13/$18 · doi: 10.1117/12.2029086

63- Arafat S. M., Mohamed A. Aboelghar, Nasser H. Saleh, Mohamed M. Elsharkawy (2014) Mapping of North Sinai Land Cover According To FAO – LCCS. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, 17(1), pp. 29-39

64- Ahmed Gaber, Noura Darwish, Yasser Sultan, Sayed Arafat and Magaly Koch (2014) Monitoring Building stability in Port-Said city, Egypt using different SAR interferometry. International Journal of Environment and Sustainability, Vol. 3, No 1, pp.14- 22

65-  Ghada A. Khdery, Usama K. Abdel-Hameed, Mohamed A. Aboelghar and Sayed M. Arafat (2014) Diversity and Taxonomic Implication of Angiosperms in Sinai Peninsula as Revealed by Hyperspectral Remote Sensing. International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS 2014, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp. 748-768, Article ID Tech-320

66- Abdel-Hameed, U. K., Khdery, G. A., Tantawy, M. E., Abo-eleinein, M. M., Arafat, S. M., & Aboelghar, M. A. (2015). A Contribution of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Criteria versus Morphological Traits in Taxonomy of Flowering Plants. The Egyptian Journal Of Experimental Biology (Botany), 11(1), 89-101.

67- Abutaleb, K., Ngie, A., Darwish, A., Ahmed, M., Arafat, S., & Ahmed, F. (2015). Assessment of urban heat island using remotely sensed imagery over Greater Cairo, Egypt. Advances in Remote Sensing4(01), 35.

68- El-Sharkawy, M. M., Farg, E., Arafat, S. M., & El-Wahed, M. A. (2016). Applicability of Monitoring Peanut Reflectance Using Hyperspectral Data for Precision Agriculture in East Nile Delta, Egypt. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 1-10.

69- Farg, E., Arafat, S., El-Wahed, M. A., & El-Gindy, A. (2016). Evaluation of water distribution under pivot irrigation systems using remote sensing imagery in eastern Nile delta. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science.

70- Mohamed AE Abdel Rahman, Salah A Tahoun, and Sayed M Arafat (2017) Effect of Land-Use Changes on Agricultural Soil at Northern Part of Suez Canal Region, International Journal of Agricultural Research and Crop Sciences,Volume 1 Issue 4.

71- Nagwan M. Afify, Abdel Aziz S. Sheta, Sayed M. Arafat,  Afify A. Afify,   Mohammed S. Abd-Elwahed and Adel S. El-Beltagy (2017). LAND-COVER CLASSIFICATION FOR EAST SUEZ CANAL REGION USING HYPERSPECTRAL EO-1 DATA, Eur. Chem. Bull., 6(11), 525-530.

72- Khdery, G., Arafat, S., Aboelghar, M., Tantawy, M., Abou-El-Enain, M., & Kamal, U. (2017). SELECTION OF OPTIMAL HYPERSPECTRAL VEGETATION INDICES FOR ESTIMATING CHLOROPHYLL CONTENT OF SOME PLANT SPECIES. European Chemical Bulletin6(11), 531-535.

73- Arafat, S. M., Abutaleb, K., Farg, E., Nabil, M., & Ahmed, M. (2018). Identifying Land Use Change Trends Using Multi-temporal Remote Sensing Data for the New Damietta City, Egypt. Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, 1-12.

74- Safwat S. Gabr, Eslam F. Farg, Turki M. Habeebullah, Sayed M. Arafat,(2018) Irrigation water consumption and its impact on the groundwater aquifer of Wadi Uranah, Makkah, Saudi Arabia using remote sensing techniques,The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science.

75- Farg, E., Ramadan, M. N., & Arafat, S. M. (2019). Classification of some strategic crops in Egypt using multi remotely sensing sensors and time series analysis. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science.

76- Khdery, G. A., Farg, E., & Arafat, S. M. (2019). Natural vegetation cover analysis in Wadi Hagul, Egypt using hyperspectral remote sensing approach. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science.

77- Yones, M. S., Khdery, G. A., Dahi, H. F., Farg, E., Arafat, S. M., & Gamil, W. E. (2019, October). Early detection of pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) using remote sensing technologies. In Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XXI (Vol. 11149, p. 111491C). International Society for Optics and Photonics.