NARSS has been established in 1991 as a National Authority for Remote Sensing belongs to the Ministry of State for Scientific Research. NARSS was then organizationally restructured in 1994; following the Presidential Decree No. 261 for 1992, as a National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences belongs to the Ministry of Scientific Research. NARSS is mainly aiming at promoting the use of the state of the art of space technology and Earth observation for the sustainable development of Egypt and introducing high technological capabilities into the local and regional market. Earlier remote sensing initiative has started in Egypt in 1971 within the frame of the Egyptian Academy of the Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT) through an American-Egyptian joint project. This has enabled for the establishment of the Remote Sensing Centre (in 1972) under ASRT.
NARSS is the pioneering Egyptian institute in the field of space technology and earth observation. NARSS is an outreach institution with two large sectors for remote sensing applications and space science and technology. The sector of remote sensing application works on the use of data provided by earth observation satellites and various airborne sensors to produce maps and spatial data for various applications such as the evaluation and monitoring of natural resources, natural hazards and environmental management. The sector of space science and technology is concerned with the development of sensors to be mounted on the earth observation satellites, satellite subsystems and space research. The sector is alsoconcerned with the control and communication with the satellites as well as receiving the data for archiving and dissemination.
NARSS recent international cooperation:
NARSS has strong scientific relations with more than 44 institutions worldwide.
NARSS collaborated in R&D projects sponsored by the EU, US-Egypt Joint Fund, and other funding programs.
NARSS signed MoUs with some national/international space agencies for technological development and knowledge transfer (e.g. IRSA, CSA).
NARSS working premises:
El-Nozha building (Cairo): the main building (Headquarter).
New Cairo space control station (Cairo).
Aswan building: receiving station (Aswan).
NARSS mission is to pursue, transfer, and provide the most advanced technology in the fields of remote sensing and peaceful application of space sciences, and build the self capability to utilize these technologies to support the national activities for sustainable development.
NARSS is looking forward to become one of the advanced scientific agencies in conducting research and providing services in field of remote sensing and space sciences.
NARSS has a sum of about 50 scientists with outstanding research capabilities, of which 12 Professors (including the Chairman and the Vice Chairman), eight Associate Professor and 28 Researchers. In addition, a number of about thirty young scientists (22 Assistant Researcher and 18 Research Assistant) are also collaborating and sharing scientific and technical activities at NARSS.
The scientific community belongs to eight different divisions and characterizes by the various scientific disciplines related to space science, GI and remote sensing. At the same time, this workforce could be augmented by selected scientific expert members from local universities or/and research institutes.
Besides, there are more than a hundred experts and engineers working in the space program and about one hundred fifty personal in finance, administrative, and personnel affairs.